These standards address primary treatment approaches and practices currently
recognized as the most appropriate treatment choice for domestic violence
abusers. These standards do not address secondary treatment or therapy which
a batterer may desire or may become involved in after primary treatment
(e.g., individual, family or couples counseling).
MALE BATTERERS TREATMENT STANDARDS
FOR STATE FUNDED DOMESTIC ABUSE BATTERERS TREATMENT GRANTS/CONTRACTS
1. Primary Batterers Treatment Service Objectives
Domestic Abuse: Domestic abuse is defined as physical abuse or threats
of physical abuse by an adult family or household member against another
adult family or household member, by an adult against another adult with
whom that person created a child, or violence or threats of violence occurring
in a dating relationship.
Domestic Abuse Program: A domestic abuse program is an organization
which provides safety for battered women and their children in a shelter
facility or safehouse network, and/or provided at a minimum, nonresidential
services (such as crisis counseling and advocacy, 24-hour crisis phone services,
and support groups for battered women).
Program for Batterers: A program providing primary treatment (education/counseling
services) for male individuals who have admitted to committing acts of domestic
violence or have been convicted of criminal offenses against a current or
former adult family member or intimate partner.
Monitoring Program: Program which has as its primary purpose case
management, monitoring or supervising alleged or convicted offenders in
treatment (e.g., deferred prosecution units, probation and parole, etc.).
A. To be eligible for state-funded batterers treatment contracts, providers
B. The following restrictions make a program ineligible for state-funded
batterers treatment grants/contracts:
IV. Program Requirements
Batterers treatment providers should (a) provide services for batterers,
(b) provide or arrange for the provision of service to victims, described
in Section IV-B, (c) improve community coordination and responsiveness to
batterers and victims and their children, and (d ) evaluate the effectiveness
of their treatment programs.
Services for Batterers
The following standards with an asterisk (*) preceding the number are required
of all state-funded batterers treatment programs; other standards are recommendations
which are strongly encouraged.
A. Philosophical Issues
B. Program Administrative Issues
C. Assessment Issues
Decisions to invite partners to participate in assessment should always
be based on her willingness to do so. Programs may or may not want to contact
partners for the assessment phase, depending on the philosophical ideology
which takes into account the value of providing information to battered
women contributes to the cost of services and which may encourage unrealistic
hopes for positive outcome. Other factors to consider include risk to her
safety if she does not participate in the assessment.
The following components must be part of any assessment of male batterers
prior to treatment:
1. Assessment of risk/dangerousness
2. Providers must screen or obtain an assessment of the battererís
need for AODA services. If needed, the clientís compliant participation
in or successful completion of AODA treatment should occur before beginning
3. Although the primary goal of batterers programs is to stop violence,
it is recognized that certain mental health problems can impede the treatment
process and progress. When such problems become evident, appropriate referral
should be made and complied with.
4. The following assessment components are highly recommended in the assessment
of men who batter:
Based on a programís philosophy, standardized, objective measures
can be used to assess specific areas of a clientís function and/or
outcome, e.g., hostility, relationship quality, neuropsychological functioning.
D. Staffing Requirements
1. Groups are encouraged to be run by two facilitators. Facilitators may
be paid or unpaid but must receive training on domestic violence.
*2. Facilitator Qualities
*3. Facilitator Training (Persons in a lead facilitator role must have the
following training prior to assuming a lead role:
Facilitators must have demonstratable knowledge of the effects of violent
victimization by an intimate partner, as would be acquired by regular contact
with battered women and/or formerly battered women (e.g., volunteering at
the battered womenís program.)
The possession or attainment of a formal degree or formal education is viewed
as neither necessary nor sufficient for educational qualifications to facilitate
batterers treatment groups.
E. Program Requirements
*1. Treatment curriculum must include information about:
2. Programs should work in conjunction with childrenís groups for
children of batterers.
3. Programs should encourage clients to do volunteer work for social change
as part of successfully completing the program, and should have a reliable
method to monitor such activities.
4. Programs are encouraged to sponsor or work with aftercare groups facilitated
by qualified facilitators.
F. Services for Victims
If the batterers treatment provider is not a local battered womenís
program, it is strongly encouraged that the provider hire one or more formerly
battered women, or subcontract with or make arrangements with a local battered
womenís program to:
1. Review program curriculum and routinely monitor groups
2. Facilitate single session orientation groups or individual sessions for
voluntary partners to:
3. Conduct follow-up contacts with partners
Treatment providers must be aware of obstacles (such as safety, child care
needs, and transportation) to providing information and services to partners.
Providers should develop creative strategies for providing orientation
groups and for their contacts with victims which reflect attempts at overcoming
obstacles and barriers.
G. Improvement of Community Coordination and Responsiveness
Batterers treatment programs must work to:
1. Develop or continue linkages with local battered womenís programs,
Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (AODA), Child Protective Services (CPS), law
enforcement, criminal justice, and other agencies that work with batterers
2. Participate in regular meetings with representatives of battererí
treatment programs, battered womenís programs, law enforcement, criminal
justice and other agencies that work with batterers and victims.
3. Provide documentation of treatment contact violations to appropriate
criminal justice agencies.
4. Increase public awareness through community education.
H. Record Keeping and Evaluation
Batterers treatment programs are required to:
1. Provide intake screening as outlined in Section IV-C (1).
2. Maintain signed contracts with batterers, pursuant to the provisions
of Section IV-B.
3. Document and monitor batterersí progress.
4. Maintain written treatment discharge evaluation of the batterersí
behavioral or attitudinal changes.
5. If program receives state funding, it shall develop a method of follow-up
evaluation that could include: